Historical Thinking and Skills

  1. The order of significant events in Ohio and the United States can be shown on a timeline.
  2. Primary and secondary sources can be used to create historical narratives.


  1. Various groups of people have lived in Ohio over time including American Indians, migrating settlers and immigrants. Interactions among these groups have resulted in cooperation, conflict and compromise.

    8. Many technological innovations that originated in Ohio benefitted the United States.

Places and Regions

  1. The economic development of the United States continues to influence and be influenced by agriculture, industry and natural resources in Ohio.

Humans Systems

  1. People have modified the environment throughout history resulting in both positive and negative consequences in Ohio and the United States.
  2. The population of the United States has changed over time, becoming more diverse (e.g., racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious). Ohio’s population has become increasingly reflective of the multicultural diversity of the United States.
  3. Ohio’s location and its transportation systems continue to influence the movement of people, products and ideas in the United States

English Language Arts

Reading Standards for Literature

RL. 4.1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

RL. 4.3 Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions)

RL. 4.6 Explain the differences in the point(s) of view in a text and different perspectives of the characters.

Reading Standards for Information Text

RI 4.3 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.


4.7 RE Explore music created by Ohio artists and determine how their works were influenced by their Ohio roots.